Surah “Ar-Ra'ad - Thunder”



It has been named after the word “Ar-Ra’ad” that has been taken from verse 13.  It is a symbolic name of the Sûrah -- it does not mean that the Sûrah that discusses the thunder of cloud.


Period of Revelation:

The Rakuh 4 (vv. 27-31) and Rakuh 6 (vv. 34-48) give evidence that this Sûrah is of the same period as of the Sûrah Yûnus, Hûd, and Sûrah Al-A’râf are, it means the last days of Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa salaam’s stay in Makkah.  It is clear from the style of the speech that a long time has passed since the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam have been inviting towards the Message of Islam -- the opponents have been plotting different devices to defeat him and his Mission, the believers have been expressing their desires over and again – would that these people should be brought to the straight path by showing any miracle, and Allâh subhaana wa ta’aala is making the Muslims to understand that it is not HIS way to show the people straight path, and if the enemies have been given respite it does not mean that they should lose hearts.  Then it is also clear from verse 31 that the disbelievers had shown stubbornness over and again – after all that it is just to say that if the dead come out of their graves even then these people are not going to bring Faith, but will invent an excuse to encounter this event.  It appears from all these events that this Sûrah was revealed during the last period of the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa salaam’s Mission at Makkah.


Fundamental Theme:

The main theme of this Sûrah has been presented in the first verse – means whatever Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam is presenting that is the Truth, but it is the mistake of the people that they are not accepting it.  The whole speech revolves around this main idea.  For this reason the truthfulness of Tauhid, Resurrection and Prophethood has been proven repeatedly in different ways, the moral and spiritual benefits of brining Faith on these have been explained, and the disadvantages of the denial have been told, and it has been reminded that the infidelity is foulness and ignorance.  Then the purpose of this whole speech is not only to satisfy the minds but also to attract the hearts towards the Faith, therefore it does not merely present logical arguments, but after presenting each and every evidence and proof it makes frequent use of sympathetic and earnest appeals so that the ignorant people should abstain from their stubbornness. 


During the speech at every place without mentioning about the doubts of the opponents, all their objections have been answered, and those worries have been removed that were found in the hearts of the people or created by the opponents about the Message of Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.  At the same time, the Believers, who were getting tired because of the long and hard struggle, and were anxiously waiting for Allâh subhaana wa ta’aala 's help, have been comforted.

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