Surah An-Nahl - The Bee

 

Name:

The name An-Nahl has been taken from verse 68 Your Rbb has inspired this thing to the bee (An-Nahl) that build honeycombs (hive) in the mountains, and in the trees, and on the creeper (branches) over the fences. This is only symbolic and not the topic of main discussion.

 

Period of Revelation:

We get an idea about the period of its revelation from different internal evidences. For example:

1.       The wordings in verse 41 Those people who have migrated for the sake of Allh after suffering, WE will give them good residence in this world and the reward of the Hereafter is surely greater; clearly show that the migration to Habash had taken place.

 

2.       In verse 106 Whoever commits infidelity (Kufr) after bringing Faith (if he/she) has been forced and his/her heart is satisfied on the Faith (then it is okay) shows, at that time the persecution of the Muslims were at its height and a question aroused that if anyone accepts Kufr under unbearable torture in helplessness situation how that person should be treated.

 

3.       The verses 112-114 clearly points towards the severe famine that had struck Makkah, after the appointment of the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam as a Messenger of Allh subhaana wa taaala it had ended at the time of revelation of this Srah.

 

4.       The verse 115 of this Srah has been referenced in Srah Al-Anm verse 119, and other verse 118 of this Srah has been referenced in Srah Al-Anm verse 146. This is a proof that both of these Srahs (Al-Anm and An-Nahl) were revealed in the same period.

From the evidences it is clear that period of revelation of this Srah is the last period of stay of Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam in Makkah. The same thing is confirmed by the style of the speech of this Srah.

 

Topic and Main Theme:

The topics of the Srah include:

Negation of shirk,

Confirmation of Tauhid,

Warning about the consequences of rejecting the invitation of Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, and

Scolding on the opposition and hostility against the Truth.

 

Discussion:

The Srah begins with direct warning without any preamble. The disbelievers of Makkah used to say repeatedly, when we have rejected and openly opposing you then why the curse of Allh subhaana wa taaala does not come of which you are warning us. They used to say these words repeatedly in their each conversation to them it was a clear proof that Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam is not the Messenger of Allh subhaana wa taaala. On this it has been said, O foolish people! The Wrath of Allh subhaana wa taaala is right on your heads now dont make haste for its coming, instead whatever respite you have, benefit from it and try to understand the Truth. Right after it the speech for advice starts immediately, and the following topics come repeatedly, one after the other:

  1. They are made to understand by the appealing arguments and the signs and open evidences of the universe that Tauhid is Truth and Shirk is falsehood.
  2. The answers have been given to the disbelievers for their objections, doubts, and arguments.
  3. Warning has been given for the evil consequences of the determination in falsehood, and hostility against the Truth.
  4. The moral and practical changes which the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam aspire to bring in human life have been presented in a charming manner and the Mushriks have been told that belief in Allh subhaana wa taaala, which they had claim, is not only confined to lip service, but it has its own demands, that should be shown in moral and practical life.
  5. The Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam and his companions have been tranquil and told that what type of attitude they should adopt while confronting the hostility and persecution of the disbelievers.
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