The name of this Sûrah is not related to any special Ayât/Verse. However, there is a continuous mentioning of many Anbiyâ (Prophets) for that reason it is called Al-Anbiyâ. According to the subject matter, it is not a title of the Sûrah but just a symbol to recognize.
Period of Revelation:
Both the subject matter and the style of the Sûrah indicate that it has been revealed in the middle period of Makkah, according to our division the third period of the Makki life of the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. In its background, the circumstances are not as such, as they are evident in the Sûrahs of last period.
Theme and Subject Matter:
This Sûrah discusses the continuous struggle between the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and the chiefs of Makkah. In this Sûrah, the answers have been given for those objections and doubts, which were being put forward concerning his Prophethood and his invitation towards the Belief of Tauhid and the Hereafter. The chiefs of Makkah have been warned for their maneuverings against the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and been cautioned about the bad consequences of their activities. They have been warned about the thoughtlessness behavior towards the invitation of the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. In addition, at the end of they have been made to realize that the person whom they consider a trouble and misery, in fact he has come to them as a blessing.
During the speech the topics, which have been particularly discussed, are as follow:
1. The misunderstanding of the disbelievers of Makkah -- that a human being could never be a Messenger and on the basis of this their denial to accept Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam as a Prophet -- has been disproved with details.
After this some examples have been presented from the life stories of the Prophets, the purpose of it is to make them understand that all the Prophets, who were sent by Allâh subhaana wa ta’aala in the human, were human beings and had all the characteristics of other human beings of the world except those which were exclusive to Prophethood. They had no thoughts of Divinity or being Godlike, but they used to implore Allâh subhaana wa ta’aala for all their needs. Along with these, two other things have also been mentioned from these historical examples. First, many troubles came upon the Prophets, and their opponents also tried their worst to defeat them, but finally they have been helped out by Allâh subhaana wa ta’aala in unnoticeable way. Second, the Deen (Way of Life) of all the Messengers were the same, and the same Deen was presented by the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. That is the only Right Deen (Way of Life) of the human beings, and all other religions/doctrines that have been invented in the world --- those are nothing but false disputes created by the misguided people.
Finally, it has been told that liberation of human being depends solely on the adoption of this Way of Life (Deen). Those people who will embrace it, they will be successful in the final judgment of Allâh subhaana wa ta’aala and will become the inheritors of the earth. In addition, those people who will discard it they will suffer the worst consequences in the Hereafter. It is blessing of Allâh subhaana wa ta’aala that HE has been informing the people beforehand through HIS messengers about this Reality. Foolish are those people who are considering the arrival of Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam an affliction instead of a blessing.